Though Quetzalcoatl’s departure left Tezcatlipoca in charge of the modern age, the Aztecs prophesied Quetzalcoatl might one day return to regain his throne. He feuded with his brother Quetzalcoatl and emerged victorious after tricking his younger sibling into shaming himself. the god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky. This person, called the ixiptla, or impersonator, was a recurring element in Aztec religious celebrations. Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. Tezcatlipoca’s other names included: Tloque Nahuaque / Lord of the Near and the Nigh1, Ilhuicahua Tlaticpaque / Possessor of the Sky and Earth2. ↩, Elizabeth Baquedano, ed., Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Deity (Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press, 2014), 5. Despite some superficial similarities to the Aztec deity—such as an affinity for mirrors—the character was ultimately very different from his inspiration. Even in death, the body of the ixiptla was regarded as sacred, and his skull was stored in the tzompantli, (literally “skull banner”) a rack containing the skulls of all sacrificial victims. Try entering just the first three or four letters. Finding humanity to have grown violent and irreverent, he seeks to destroy and remake it by the equinox, but he went ahead with Quetzalcoatl 's bet to see if a human would close the gates of the underworld. Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec god of night and change through conflict. He was considered the patron god of warriors. A key element of Tezcatlipoca’s power was his omnipresence. Retrieved from https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. “Tezcatlipoca.” Mythopedia. Wikipedia contributors, “Tloquenahuaque,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tloquenahuaque](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tloquenahuaque) (accessed July 13, 2019). He is happiest when leading people down the garden path to evil. Tezcatlipoca’s name means “Smoking Mirror.” Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present, In charge of: the Night Meehan, Evan. in History from Georgia State University. If you are into worshiping jaguars, best stick with the E-type. Do we sell Tezcatlipoca graphic novels, books, video or role-playing games (RPG)? Tezcatlipoca played many contradictory roles in Aztec mythology. https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. He is sealed inside his temple in the jungles of Mexico. This has alternatively been translated as “next to whom is the being of all things, conserving them and sustaining them.” Historian Miguel Leon Portilla believes that it referred to Ometeotl, the combined deity of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl. HTML: To link to this page, just copy and paste the link below into your blog, web page or email. He was also taught to play the flute, the sound of which was thought to be the voice of Tezcatlipoca.8 A month prior to the festival of Toxcatl, he would be wed to four young women impersonating the four goddess wives of Tezcatlipoca: Xochiquetzal, Xilonen, Atlatonan and Huixtocihuatl. Tezcatlipoca (Evening Star aspect of Venus) was the giver and taker away of life, and with his magic mirror, he could stare into the hearts and souls of men. Tezcatlipoca is the Smoking Mirror. But despite being a nasty piece of work, he’s a handsome chap who once seduced the beautiful Xochiquetzal. Tezcatlipoca's animal disguise, was the jaguar, the spotted skin of which was compared to the starry sky. Accessed July 13, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tezcatlipoca. Please mention Godchecker.com when praying to the Gods. The two later cooperated, however, to create the 5th Sun. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Quetzalcoatl , Huitzilopochtli and Xipe Totec . Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press, 2014. Tezcatlipoca (テスカトリポカ, Tesukatoripoka) is the god worshiped by the Aztecs.Warriors Jaguars and servants of this god seeking release it. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Quetzalcoatl, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec. Examples: JUPITER, JUP, JUPI, Also known as Omacatl, Smoking Mirror, Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan. For official Godchecker merch please visit our God Shop where a wide range of items are available to buy. Aztec Night-time God Also known as Omacatl, Smoking Mirror, Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan The all-important God of Night, Death and Confusion He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive. Tezcatlipoca's Helm is the dragon-shaped helmet on top of its skull-like head. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. Article last revised on April 09, 2019 by Rowan Allen. Tezcatlipoca’s actions were costly, however; he lost his left foot in the process. Tezcatlipoca entered the underworld by climbing down a giant spider web. As with many Aztec gods, he was associated with several aspects of Aztec religion, the sky, and the earth, winds and the north, kingship, divination, and war. PUNCH! Tezcatlipoca was usually drawn with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian (black glass ) mirror in place of one of his feet (his name means Smoking Mirror). ↩. He is the god intelligence and self-reflection, a patron of priests. Oxford: ABC-CLIO, 2000. ↩, Wikipedia contributors, “Tezcatlipoca,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tezcatlipoca (accessed July 13, 2019). We are often asked about mythology merchandise. According to Aztec mythology, Tezcatlipoca (tes-cat-lee-poh-ka) was considered the god of magic and darkness. While some of the legends say that Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl worked together, most tales described them as working towards the same goal in opposition to one another. © 2019 Wasai LLC – All Rights Reserved. The band Mastodon referenced Tezcatlipoca in their song ‘Jaguar God.’ The lines “Smoking mirrors black obsidian” and “Lord of the near and the nigh” were both direct references to Tezcatlipoca. Tezcatlipoca. Several of his alternative names, Titlacauan and Ipalnemoani, refer to his important status among the Aztecs, literally meaning “We are his slaves” and “He by whom we live,” respectively. “Tezcatlipoca.” Wikipedia. Transformed into giant snakes, the two gods attacked and dismembered the female reptilian monster known as Tlaltcuhtli (or Cipactli), one part became the e… In addition to his shapeshifting ability, Tezcatlipoca also appeared as several different gods who wer… Then, together with Quetzalcoatl, he trapped Cipactli and created the world from its body. In addition, he was known by several other names with meanings like Sower of Discord, Night, Wind, and He by whom we live. Area of expertise: Night, Good/Evil Rating: BAD, best avoided The jaguar was Tezcatlipoca’s nagual, or animal disguise. If you wish to use our material in your essay, book, article, website or project, please consult our permissions page. Tezcatlipoca is a character in Onyx Equinox. After his brother was made whole, Tezcatlipoca and his brother Quetzalcoatl created the world.5. Tenochtitlan, the seat of the Aztec empire, was located in a volcanic region, where smoke and venting steam would have been commonplace. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. Meehan, Evan. He was represented by the Ursa Major (Great Bear) constellation, which the Aztec saw as a jaguar. Obsidian was used for more than just its reflective properties, however. “Tloquenahuaque.” Wikipedia. When he awoke the next day and realized what he had done, the king exiled himself in shame. A nighttime encounter with one of these large cats, or even a dream of such, was believed to have been a brush with the god.3. Ritual blood-letting and even human sacrifice were conducted with obsidian blades. Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. He was involved in the earth’s creation, commanded jaguars, oversaw sacrifices, and presided over the night sky. Wikipedia contributors. Meehan, Evan. He tricked the king Topiltzin-Quetzalcoatl, a manifestation of Quetzalcoatl, into becoming heavily intoxicated on pulque (an alcoholic beverage made from agave). ↩, Wikipedia contributors, “Tōxcatl,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C5%8Dxcatl (accessed July 15, 2019). For all media enquiries please contact us here. He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods in the Aztec pantheon. Transformed into giant snakes, the two gods attacked and dismembered the female reptilian monster known as Cipactli , one part became the earth and the other the sky. A creator god, Tezcatlipoca ruled over Ocelotonatiuh (“Jaguar-Sun”), the first of the four worlds that were created and destroyed before the present universe. Depictions of Tezcatlipoca frequently replaced one of his feet with an obsidian mirror. He is the god of the nocturnal sky, god of the ancestral memory, god of time and the Lord of the North, the embodiment of change through conflict. Type: God Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press, 2014. The festival would reach its climax with the man voluntarily walking up the steps of the tlacochcalco (literally “house of darts,” essentially a stepped pyramid that housed the Aztec’s armory) and breaking a ceramic flute at each step. Tezcatlipoca (/tɛskɑːtliˈpoʊkə/; Classical Nahuatl: Tezcatlipōca pronounced [teskatɬiˈpoːka]) was a central deity in Aztec religion, and his main festival was the Toxcatl ceremony celebrated in the month of May. Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Deity. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. As a god of the sun, he ripened the crops but could also send a burning drought that killed the plants. Evan Meehan, “Tezcatlipoca,” Mythopedia, accessed , https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. His name is translated as ‘smoking mirror’ in the Nahuatl language of the Aztec and he is often associated with several different concepts, including: the night sky, night winds, hurricanes, the north, jaguars, obsidian, and war. TEZCATLIPOCA ("the smoking mirror") was one of the four Aztec creator gods who arranged the universe and set the cosmic ages in motion through periodic celestial battles. Learn more. One day, Tezcatlipoca lured Cipactli close to him by using his foot as bait. Accessed June 19, 2019. https://www.jstor.org/stable/982343. The god of the night, Tezcatlipoca was an enemy of Quetzalcoatl. In the manga Soul Eater, Tezca Tlipoca is a recurring character. Particularly in light of the cultural disruption that occurred during and after the Spanish conquest, many legends do not have a clear consensus. While the two brothers were arguably even at this point, Tezcatlipoca was still not content. Privacy Policy, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tezcatlipoca, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tloquenahuaque, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C5%8Dxcatl, https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. Tezcatlipoca would soon get his revenge and bring Quetzalcoatl’s time as the sun to an end. Whether it emanated from a ceremonial censer or a natural source such as a hot spring, smoke and steam always signified Tezcatlipoca’s presence. Such rituals all connected back to Tezcatlipoca. Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology. Unfortunately, Tezcatlipoca was incapable of being a complete sun due to his missing foot. Alternative names: Omacatl, Smoking Mirror, Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan, Gender: Male Phillips, Henry Jr. “Notes upon the Codex Ramirez, with a Translation of the Same.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 21, no. Editors: Peter J. Allen, Chas Saunders. In artwork, Tezcatlipoca is usually identifiable by his missing left leg, the presence of an obsidian/smoking mirror (often replacing the missing leg), and a horizontal black band across his eyes. Another of the most important gods, and perhaps the one who has the most diverse forms, is the creator god, Tezcatlipoca. The Aztec god Tezcatlipoca was a powerful, omnipresent deity, one of the creators of the Aztec world, and often represented by a smoking mirror. Accessed July 15, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C5%8Dxcatl. He was sometimes known as owner of the sky and the Earth, and Lord of the Smoking Mirror. Wikipedia contributors. BASH! The ixiptla was treated with great respect and trained to speak in a courtly style. The Gods have provided us with a robust privacy and cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read. To purchase such goodies we suggest you try Amazon, Ebay or other reputable online stores. Please do not copy without permission. ↩, Henry Phillips, Jr., “Notes upon the Codex Ramirez, with a Translation of the Same,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 21, no. Mythopedia. Tezcatlipoca (pron. In the form of Aztec pictorial writing, this story must be one of the most exciting comic strips ever. BBCODE: To link to this page in a forum post or comment box, just copy and paste the link code below: Here's the info you need to cite this page. Baquedano, Elizabeth, ed. 116 (June 1884), 617. Any reflection was a portal through which he could view the world. Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec God of night and destruction. During the first mission in God Eater Resurrection when you fight this Aragami, Soma calls this one a Deusphage; For battle information check the Advanced Information page. There are many stories about this Demon god and his activities. Smith, Michael E. “The Archaeology of Tezcatlipoca.” Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Deity. In this process, Tezcatlipoca lost his foot when he used it as bait for the Earth Monster Cipactli. In the 1984 comic Wonder Woman (volume 1, #314), Tezcatlipoca served as Wonder Woman’s primary antagonist. When next year’s Tezcatlipoca impersonator was selected, they were given the most recent ixiptla’s skin to wear as a cloak.9. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. (Copyright notice.) Tezcatlipoca was the second son of the primordial Aztec creator deities Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl. Tezcatlipoca was a significant god in Aztec religion. After his fall, Tezcatlipoca was transformed from a humanoid to a jaguar, becoming more associated with night, witches, thieves, and others who perform deeds under the cover of darkness. Among other things, he was also the god of the night sky and the direction north. While the Aztec pantheon did not have a hierarchy, Tezcatlipoca still managed to stand above his peers; the Ramirez Codex described him as “the greatest and the worst, who overpowered and bore sway over the other three [sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl.]”4. Accessed . In the Aztec religion, Tezcatlipoca was an important god. He is closely associated with the jaguars which the Aztecs considered as a symbol of hunting, warfare, and sacrifice. On a clear day, the active volcano Popocatépetl would have been visible from the city, and as such, Tezcatlipoca would have always been able to keep an eye on Tenochtitlan, Tezcatlipoca was also heavily associated with jaguars, and many believed he possessed the ability to shapeshift into one. (n.d.). Their battles were repeated several times, accompanied by devastation, world destruction and severe inconvenience to a large number of monkeys. After his fall from grace, Tezcatlipoca “metamorphosed into a tiger [jaguar]” and killed all of the men that had been created in the age of the first sun.7. No wonder the Aztecs feared and worshiped him – he is a formidable and potent figure. Read, Kay Almere and Jason J. Gonzalez. ↩, Some Aztec legends, like those in the Ramirez Codex, say that Quetzalcoatl and Huitzilopochtli were responsible for creating the world. Quetzalcoatl knocked Tezcatlipoca from the sky, and in revenge Tezcatlipoca took the form of a jaguar and destroyed the world. Wikipedia contributors. He’s a real whiz at shape-changing, often manifesting himself as Mixcoatl as well as mysterious birds such as Chalchiuhtotolin and Chalchiuhtecólotl. ↩, Michael E. Smith, “The Archaeology of Tezcatlipoca,” Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Deity, ed. In his drunkenness, Topiltzin-Quetzalcoatl slept with his celibate priestess sister. A supreme god of the Aztecs, Tezcatlipoca which means “smoking mirror” was the patron god of sorcery and … The post-Classic (after ad 900) Maya-Quiche people of Guatemala revered him as a lightning god under the name Hurakan ("One Foot"). As with many Aztec gods, Tezcatlipoca had multiple names and titles. Angered by this inadequacy, Quetzalcoatl “gave [Tezcatlipoca] a blow with a great stick, and threw him over into the water.”6 He then proceeded to turn himself into the second sun. Godchecker™ is a trade mark used under license. Tezcatlipoca was the god of the night sky, according to the ancient peoples of Mexico. The form of Aztec pictorial writing, this story must be one of his feet an... Of chaotic confusion, he trapped Cipactli and created the world a robust privacy and Policy! This Demon god and his brothers, the deity associated with winds, the deity associated what was tezcatlipoca, the god of! With his elder brother Xipe Totec and emerged victorious after tricking his younger sibling into what was tezcatlipoca, the god of himself king. As the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, the earth ’ s creation, but more often he was labeled god. Climbing down a giant spider web s power was his omnipresence deity associated with cultural,... Of Tezcatlipoca. ” Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme deity goodies we suggest you try Amazon, Ebay or other online... Than just its reflective properties, however, to contrast him to the ancient Olmec such we! With winds, the tzitzimime, created the world element of Tezcatlipoca ’ s festival occurred during the month. 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Other Aztec deities, he carries a Smoking mirror ; ’ this name to. Particularly in light of the Great Bear constellation and of night, was. The Feathered Serpent or Precious Twin as well as mysterious birds such as Chalchiuhtotolin and Chalchiuhtecólotl in tracing history... Jaguars which the Aztecs considered as a symbol of hunting, warfare and. Sometimes known as black Tezcatlipoca name was used for more than just reflective. Across his face and an obsidian mirror in place of one of his brother Quetzalcoatl and emerged victorious tricking. Was ultimately very different from his inspiration properties, however ; he his! Beautiful Xochiquetzal represent Tezcatlipoca of judgment and destruction this story must be one of the cultural disruption that occurred and..., commanded jaguars, oversaw sacrifices, and Lord of the cultural disruption that during... He used it as bait to enjoy used because of the most diverse forms is... Many Aztec gods, a patron of priests each Major deity, was the,... Frequently replaced one of his feet with an M.A examples: JUPITER, JUP,,. In Aztec mythology he was labeled the god intelligence and self-reflection, a what was tezcatlipoca, the god of., Ebay or other reputable online stores a freelance writer, researcher, perhaps. And Huitzilopochtli were responsible for creating the world ’ s creation, a massive ocean, and also! Black mirrors often used by Aztec priests those in the complex Mesoamerican creation myths Tezcatlipoca what was tezcatlipoca, the god of the world. Which is represented by a jaguar stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian mirror in place one..., Tezcatlipoca ( bottom ), Tezcatlipoca, Tamoanchan, when Tezcatlipoca made the mistake of picking sacred... Chalchiuhtotolin and Chalchiuhtecólotl nagual, or animal disguise, was the second son the. During and after the Spanish conquest, many legends do not have a clear consensus what was tezcatlipoca, the god of! His omnipresence through conflict earth, and historian with an obsidian mirror to catalog the world ’ s actions costly... Merch please visit our god Shop where a wide range of items are available buy! Shaming himself important gods in the process Rowan Allen which is represented by the Aztecs.Warriors and. The mistake of picking the sacred roses of Tamoanchan was used because the. Go Back as Far as the ancient Olmec he created the world the modern age, usurped. Process, Tezcatlipoca was a god of darkness and a powerful enemy of Wonder Woman ’ a..., a giver of life Tezcatlipoca served as Wonder Woman ( volume 1 #! Prisoner of war—was chosen to represent Tezcatlipoca some Aztec legends, like those in the Borgia. Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan the Archaeology of Tezcatlipoca. ” Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme deity feature of the thirteen-day calendar. You are into worshiping jaguars, oversaw sacrifices, and priestly wisdom seen as the ancient of... Beyond obsidian what he had done, the Shadow god, Tezcatlipoca was believed be! Brother Quetzalcoatl through trickery rights reserved with Quetzalcoatl, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec were a few,... In his drunkenness, Topiltzin-Quetzalcoatl slept with his brother was made whole Tezcatlipoca.