古代都市エル・タヒン . This area is known as the Totonacapan, the suffix Nahuatl -pan (over) refers to "place" or "land". Our guide Jorge was very knowledgeable and friendly, so was our group transport, comfortable. The city was built and inhabited between 800 BC and 1200 AD by a culture most likely influenced by the Olmecs, although who they were exactly, remains unknown. We do know that the site was occupied sometime in the first century A.D., … This temple was obviously of great symbolic importance to the people of El Tajin: it once contained exactly 365 niches, marking its connection to the solar year. El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site and one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. In fact, the name “Tajin” refers to the Totonac deity of thunder, lighting and rain. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture. The word "Tajín" refers to a spirit with great powers over the weather, especially in terms of rain, lightning, thunder, and storms. Despite the fact that it is thought to have been greatly damaged, if not mostly burnt to the ground following an attack by the Chichimecs in the thirteenth century, much of El Tajin is extremely well-preserved offering a great many things to see. Some believe it was the work of the Totonacs; others argue in favor of the Huastecs, a people known to have occupied the region at the time El Tajín was settled. After 1200 AD, it was abandoned and partly destroyed, when the region came under the rule of the powerful Aztec empire. The city, one of the most flourishing of the Classic and early Post-classic period, was only rediscovered in 1785, immediately capturing the imagination of European travelers with its imposing jungle-covered ruins and unusual architecture. El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site in southern Mexico and is one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica.A part of the Classic Veracruz culture, El Tajín flourished from 600 to 1200 C.E. The Mystery of El Tajín . El Tajín is thought to have reached its peak between AD 600 and 1200. The fact that archaeologists are not even sure who built El Tajín is one of the many “problems” associated with this ancient city. Other articles where Pyramid of the Niches is discussed: pre-Columbian civilizations: Late Classic non-Maya Mesoamerica (600–900): …most imposing structure is the Pyramid of the Niches, named for the approximately 365 recesses on its four sides. This lasted until 1785 when a local bureaucrat named Diego Ruiz discovered it while searching for clandestine tobacco fields. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is open to the public, although much of it is yet to be excavated.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'historyhit_com-box-3','ezslot_12',178,'0','0'])); El Tajin was founded following the abandonment of the city of Teotihuacan. It flourished from 600 to 1200 C.E. The Mystery of El Tajín . Just outside of Papantla are some mysterious and fascinating archaeological ruins: El Tajin, meaning “thunder” in the Toltec language; although other records link the name etymology of the site to mean “place of the dead” or … There’s a pyramid city in present-day Mexico called El Tajin. The archaeological site of El Tajin, located in the present-day Mexican State of Veracruz, is remarkable for many reasons. This beautiful spot is home to the ruins and the representation of the Ritual of … El Tajin: Preserving the Legacy of a Unique Pre-Columbian Architecture in Mesoamerica. The site boasts many buildings, temples, palaces and ball courts, but the most impressive of all is the stunning Pyramid of the Niches. The pre-Hispanic city of El Tajín is home to remarkably well-preserved ancient sites, including pyramids, palaces, and ball courts. Some believe it was the work of the Totonacs; others argue in favor of the Huastecs, a people known to have occupied the region at the time El Tajín was settled. ), which is why archaeologists refer to the civilization as Classic Veracruz. La Iglesia is one of two impressive pyramids in the Maya city of … At its height, from 800 to 1200 A.D, El Tajín was one of the most powerful and important cities in Mesoamerica. In this and other buildings at El Tajín, the dominant architectural motif is the step-and-fret. In addition, there were once seven levels. B) Building C, Tajin Chico, El Tajin. El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site and one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. It wasn't until 1924 that the Mexican government dedicated some funds to explore and excavate El Tajin. The local indigenous people, the Totonac, whose ancestors may have built the city, knew it as "El Tajín," which means “of thunder" or "lightning bolts." Ofrenda, from the Tajín series, 2019 Giclée print, 90x60cm & 120x80cm Limited editions of 3 + 1AP CITY OF THUNDER. Photographed by Ileana Olmos. Stone reliefs and friezes around the site offer an insight into the lives of those who lived in El Tajin. and during this time numerous temples, palaces, ballcourts, and pyramids were built. Much archaeological speculation surrounds El Tajín's history; it's not even known for certain who built it, although it was likely the ancestors of the Huasteca people who still inhabit these lands. Built and inhabited from 800AD to 1200 AD, El Tajin was a thriving city of major ceremonial importance, a fact illustrated by the numerous Mesoamerican pyramids and other ceremonial structures still seen there today. The city was built and inhabited between 800 BC and 1200 AD by a culture most likely influenced by the Olmecs, although who they were exactly, remains unknown. El Tajín Ruins and Papantla Day Trip from Veracruz (From $136.00) El Tajín archaeological zone (From $472.84) 4-Day Trip in Mexico: Weekend Getaway to the Gulf (From $660.00) Magic Town - Papantla And Tajin In Veracruz (From $183.00) See all El Tajin experiences on Tripadvisor Archaeologists speculate that the temple was built sometime between 1100 and 1150 CE when El Tajin was at the height of its power. El Tajín was built in the lush, hilly lowlands not far from the Gulf Coast. It developed between AD 800 and 1200. El Tajin was founded following the abandonment of the city of Teotihuacan. The Huastecs? Minster, Christopher. El Tajin, the city where the pyramid was built, also features as many as 17 ball courts which has led some experts to believe that the city of El Tajin was a kind of “Olympia” in the Americas where prominent sporting events were held. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. North of the city of Veracruz, is the town of Papantla. A particular pastime for which the city was renowned in its time was ball games, as depicted in numerous reliefs. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture. Structure at El Tajín . The El Tajín settlement is contemporary with Mayan settlements like Chichen Itza and Uxmal as well as settlements on central plateau like Tula and Xochicalco. El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site and one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. It is unclear who built El Tajín. History Hit brings you the stories that shaped the world through our award winning podcast network and an online history channel. READ PAPER. El Tajín in Papantla: Find opening hours and directions, compare prices before booking, see photos, and read reviews The pyramids of Tajin were built by the Totonac, meaning three hearts. Arroyo Group At El Tajín we entered a ground level area that enclosed and embraced us. A visit to the whole site lasts around 2 hours, and guides are available for a small extra fee. Seven times fifty-two is three hundred and sixty-four. With more and more interest shown in this great metropolis perhaps the many mysteries of El Tajíin will be solved one day soon. It was originally a great urban center that flourished from around 800 to 1150 ce. El Tajín Ruins and Papantla Day Trip from Veracruz (From US$136.00) El Tajín archaeological zone (From US$460.53) 4-Day Trip in Mexico: Weekend Getaway to the Gulf (From US$660.00) Magic Town - Papantla And Tajin In Veracruz (From US$183.00) See all El Tajin experiences on Tripadvisor source: UNESCO/ERI Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0. "Pyramid of the Niches at El Tajin." Burned down in 1230, the ancient city lay forgotten for another 500 years until the ancient city was discovered by a Spanish explorer. May 28, 2020 July 28, 2020 Tony 461 Leave a Comment on Papantla: El Tajin archaeological zone. El Tajin. El Tajin is your one stop shop for everything that Mesoamerican Veracruz has to offer… excellent ruins, voladores & the Pueblo Magico base town of Papantla.. El Tajin experienced a prosperous period between 600-1200 A.D. at the expense of Teotihuacan and Palenque, until it was abandoned.. El Pital was an extremly developed city. Step Pyramid of Djoser - Ancient Egypt's First Monumental Pyramid, Cempoala: Totonac Capital and Ally of Hernan Cortes, A Walking Tour of the Maya Capital of Chichén Itzá, The Founding of Tenochtitlan and the Origin of the Aztecs, Maya Archaeological Ruins in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, Pyramids: Enormous Ancient Symbols of Power, History of Animal and Plant Domestication. What was also great about El Tajín is that there are so many less tourists. The most relevant of the Totonac culture was reached during the Late Classic when they built ceremonial centers such as El Tajín, Yohualichán, Nepatecuhtlán, Las Higueras, Nopiloa and Zapotal. Each level features evenly-spaced niches: there are 365 of them in total. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture, El Tajín flourished from 600 to 1200 C.E. Dimensions and Appearance of the Pyramid of the Niches, Discovery and Excavation of The Pyramid of the Niches. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture, El Tajín flourished from 600 to 1200 C.E. A recent built roof protects frescoes from natural elements. 118 A B Figure 63 El Tajin C hico area. A part of the Veracruz culture, the city’s architecture also displays both Maya and Oaxacan influences, while the most famous monument at El Tajin is the splendid Early Classic temple known as the Pyramid of the Niches. 34 Full PDFs related to this paper. The site and museum take around 2-3hrs to visit at a fairly leisurely pace. El Tajin has an interesting, albeit small museum with explanations in English, Spanish and also – fittingly – in the Totonac language. It is made of a locally available sandstone: archaeologist José García Payón believed that the stone for the building was quarried from a site along the Cazones River some thirty-five or forty kilometers from El Tajín and then floated there on barges. 22-oct-2013 - Anke Metzger descrubrió este Pin. A) Building I, El Tajin Chico area. We do know that the site was occupied sometime in the first century A.D., and monumental construction began shortly thereafter. The Totonacs and the Huastecs were once considered candidates, but modern consensus places El Tajín as the centre of its own distinct culture, little understood and known simply as Classic Veracruz. El Tajín Ruins and Papantla Day Trip from Veracruz (From US$136.00) El Tajín archaeological zone (From US$473.68) 4-Day Trip in Mexico: Weekend Getaway to the Gulf (From US$660.00) Magic Town - Papantla And Tajin In Veracruz (From US$183.00) See all El Tajin experiences on Tripadvisor Just as empires rise and fall so do entry fees and opening hours! The region is currently inhabited by the Totonac people, although their ethnic relationship with the pre-Hispanic peoples who built El Tajín has not been fully established. El Tajín was founded in the 1st century AD by a civilization known as “Classic Veracruz”, though little is known about the people who built it; most theories point to the Huastecs or the Totonacs. Ancient Mexico: The History of te Maya, Aztecs, and Other Pre-Columbian Peoples. Visit El Tajin: History. and during this time numerous temples, palaces, ballcourts, and pyramids were built. El Tajin has lots of stories to share, even if most of the site and old city is destroyed. El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site and one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. El Tajin is easily accessible from the nearby town of Papantla.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historyhit_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_13',181,'0','0'])); Teotihuacan is a well preserved ancient Mesoamerican city near Mexico City. The Mystery of El Tajín. The pyramid's 365 niches paid tribute to the number of days in the solar year, as did as the 365 steps of the Castillo at Chichén Itzá. On this fully narrated, small group tour, you’ll explore these well-preserved sites, see a pre-Hispanic “Dance of the Flyers” ritual, and visit a vanilla factory and plantation to learn about the growing, harvesting, and processing of the vanilla orchid. The city was built and inhabited between 800 BC and 1200 AD by a culture most likely influenced by the Olmecs, although who they were exactly, remains unknown. and during this time numerous temples, palaces, ballcourts, and pyramids were built. T he South b allcourt is formed by the monumental platf orms of … El Tajin is an important pre-Columbian site in the Gulf Coast of Mexico. Get the Reviews, Ratings, location, contact details & timings In an ominous twist, the reliefs also seem to show that these ball games were related to human sacrifices which took place at El Tajin, leading some to believe the ball was in fact a decapitated head. and during this time numerous temples, palaces, ballcourts, and pyramids were built. Pre-Spaanse stad El Tajin. Some believe that they were the ancestors of the Toltecs or that they were a branch of the mighty Maya people. El Tajin in the state of Veracruz in Mexico is an impressive archaeological site which originally formed the capital city of the Totonac state. El Tajin is located near the coast of eastern Mexico and was an important Mesoamerican centre which flourished between 900 and 1100 CE. It is unclear who built El Tajín. Pyramid of the Niches at El Tajin. Archaeologists had long believed that El Tajín was constructed by the Totonacs, a grou… 17 ball courts have been discovered at El Tajin: the most at any one site to date. El Tajin ligt in de staat Veracruz en was op haar hoogtepunt van de 9e tot de 13e eeuw. Papantla Tourism; Papantla Hotels; Papantla Bed and Breakfast; Papantla Vacation Rentals; Papantla Vacation Packages; Flights to Papantla; Papantla Restaurants Discover El Tajin. Although it was previously believed that the pre-Hispanic town was inhabited in three different phases during 100 BC-1200 AD, recent research suggests that El Tajín was occupied only in one phase during 800-1200 AD. The city was at its height from 600-1200 AD, and was “discovered” in 1785 when a government official happened across the Pyramid of the Niches: Pyramid of the Niches, El Tajín . The city, one of the most flourishing of the Classic and early Post-classic period, was only rediscovered in 1785, immediately capturing the imagination of European travelers with its imposing jungle-covered ruins and unusual architecture. El Tajín, Prehispanic City is a site with great significance for Mesoamerican archaeology because it is one of the best preserved and most thoroughly excavated examples of a pre-Hispanic town from the Epiclassic and early Post Classic period, the time between … and during this time numerous temples, palaces, ballcourts, and pyramids were built. It is made of a locally available sandstone: archaeologist José García Payón believed that the stone for the building was quarried from a site along the Cazones River some thirty-five or forty kilometers from El Tajín and then floated there on barges. during which numerous temples, palaces, ball courts and pyramids were built. Despite of not being completely excavated, this amazing archaeological site has almost 150 buildings, and just 20 of them have being restored. REFERENCES. 2009. El Tajín which means City of thunder, hurricane or lighting in Totanac language is located in what nowadays is the municipality of Poza Rica in Veracruz, Mexico. And it is beautiful!At Teohihuacán, we climbed up to the massive gran plataforma then descended down onto the Avenue of the Dead, but it is different here at El Tajín, which rose to prominence as Teotihuacán fell and Monte Albán (built by the Zapotecs in Oaxaca) was enduring a long, slow decline. On … El Tajín had only one period of occupation lasting from 800 to 1200 AD and was inhabited by about 15.000 - 20.000 people. El Tajin is a pre-Columbian archeological site in southern Mexico and is one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. Until the mid-19th century they were the world's main producers of vanilla. Those mysteries which El Tajín has given up are certain to appeal to anyone drawn to the more macabre face of pre-Colombian culture. El Tajín, Veracruz State, Mexico Wandering through the ruins of El Tajín in Veracruz was our first visit to an archeological site in Mexico. PAGE 119 119 A B Figure 64. ThoughtCo. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture, El Tajín flourished from 600 to 1200 CE and during this time numerous temples, palaces, ballcourts, and pyr Once completed, the temple itself was painted red and the niches were painted black to dramatize the contrast. El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site in southern Mexico and is one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. Take a tour of the El Tajin, Mexico to visit historic site in Papantla. An aerial view of the archaeological site of El Tajín located in the highlands of the municipality of Papantla in modern-day state of Veracruz (Mexico). It is home to various step pyramids that were built in ancient times, but it has one pyramid that stands out from the rest. Other articles where Pyramid of the Niches is discussed: pre-Columbian civilizations: Late Classic non-Maya Mesoamerica (600–900): …most imposing structure is the Pyramid of the Niches, named for the approximately 365 recesses on its four sides. The structure at the top of the temple, now lost, featured several intricate relief carvings (eleven of which have been found) depicting high-ranking members of the community, such as priests, governors and ball players. (2020, August 28). The archeological site is known by the local Totonacs, whose ancestors may also have built the city, as El Tajín, which was said to mean "of thunder or lightning bolt". El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site and one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. The name Tajín means "thunder" in the Totonac language. "Pyramid of the Niches at El Tajin." and during this time numerous temples, palaces, ballcourts, and pyramids were built. It took shape during the late Classic period and reached its peak development during the transition to the Post-Classic, between 800 and 1150 A.D. Some believe that they were the ancestors of the Toltecs or that they were a branch of the mighty Maya people. Background. Ileana Olmos. El TajínThe El Tajín archaeological site is located in the municipality of Papantla, in the north-central region of the state of Veracruz, Mexico, in the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental. The Tajin belongs to the Totonaca culture. No one knows for sure who built this mighty pre-Hispanic city of around 20,000 inhabitants (The Totonacs? Even after the fall of El Tajin, locals respected the beauty of the Pyramid of the Niches and generally kept it clear of jungle overgrowth. Otherwise entrance is 48 pesos (c US$4.5 in Mar 2008). Built and inhabited from 800AD to 1200 AD, El Tajin was a thriving city of major ceremonial importance, a fact illustrated by the numerous Mesoamerican pyramids and other ceremonial structures still seen there today. Even after the fall of El Tajin, sometime around 1200 A.D., locals kept the temple clear and it was the first part of the city discovered by Europeans. https://www.thoughtco.com/el-tajin-pyramid-of-the-niches-3571867 (accessed January 22, 2021). Longhena, Maria. A short summary of this paper. source: NFUAJ. Descubre (y guarda) tus propios Pines en Pinterest. The Totonac are an indigenous people of Mexico who reside in the states of Veracruz, Puebla, and Hidalgo.They are one of the possible builders of the pre-Columbian city of El Tajín, and further maintained quarters in Teotihuacán (a city which they claim to have built). It flourished from 600 to 1200 C.E. El Tajín fut abandonné et partiellement détruit après 1200, lorsque la région s’est trouvée dominée par le puissant empire aztèque. The site is located in the highlands of the municipality of Papantla in modern day Veracruz, not far from the city of Poza Rica, which lies northwest of the port and city of Veracruz. The city was built and inhabited between 800 BC and 1200 AD by a culture most likely influenced by the Olmecs, although who they were exactly, remains unknown. Between the 1960s and the early 1980s, authorities only maintained the site for tourists, but starting in 1984, the Proyecto Tajin ("Tajin Project"), has continued with ongoing projects at the site, including the Pyramid of the Niches. Fifty-two was an important number for Mesoamerican civilizations: the two Maya calendars would align every fifty-two years, and there are fifty-two visible panels on each face of the Temple of Kukulcan in Chichen Itza. El Tajín is thought to have reached its peak between AD 600 and 1200. After 1200 AD, the mighty Mexico-Tenochtitlan kingdom took control of the region, causing abandonment and destruction of the s… From the time the city fell, in 1230, to 1785, no European seems to have known of its existence, until a government inspector chanced upon the Pyramid of the Niches. The level of re-construction seems to vary greatly. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture, El Tajin flourished from 600 to 1200 C.E. The Mystery of El Tajín. Aug 21, 2014 - Been there ~ dlm. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/el-tajin-pyramid-of-the-niches-3571867. In this and other buildings at El Tajín, the dominant architectural motif is the step-and-fret. García Payón tunneled into the west side of the temple to get a closer look at the interior and construction methods. during which numerous temples, palaces, ball courts and pyramids were built. The city was eventually conquered by … El Tajin is a Mesoamerican archaeological site located in the North of the state of Veracruz, near the Gulf Coast of Mexico. Some believe that they were the ancestors of the Toltecs or that they were a branch of the mighty Maya people. In the humid jungles of the Mexican state of Veracruz lie the enigmatic ruins of El Tajin, an ancient city built by a mysterious lost civilization.. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture, El Tajín flourished from 600 to 1200 C.E. The 365 niches clearly represent the solar year. The name Tajín means "thunder" in the Totonac language. More than 1,500 years ago an ancient culture built a massive pyramid city called el Pital, home to 150 pyramids. Archaeologists speculate that the temple was built sometime between 1100 and 1150 CE when El Tajin was at the height of its power. Archaeologists speculate that the temple was built sometime between 1100 and 1150 CE when El Tajin was at the height of its power. On the monumental stairway, there were once six platform-altars (now there are five), each of which featured three small niches: this reaches a total of eighteen special niches, representing the eighteen months of the Mesoamerican solar calendar. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture, El Tajín flourished from 600 to 1200 C.E. Somehow, the local Totonacs managed to keep the site a secret from the Spanish conquistadors and later colonial officials. Unlike many other great Mesoamerican temples, which were completed in stages, the Pyramid of the Niches in El Tajin seems to have been built all at once. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture, El Tajín flourished from 600 to 1200 CE and during this time numerous temples, palaces, ballcourts, and pyramids were built. El Tajín es un vivo y notable ejemplo de la grandeza e importancia de las culturas prehispánicas de México. La Iglesia and El Castillo, Coba. El Tajin is a Mesoamerican archaeological site located in the North of the state of Veracruz, near the Gulf Coast of Mexico. The Pyramid has seven stories, and is made of cut flagstone. El Tajin was the only site in Mexico where I was able to get my “over 60’s free entry” –everywhere else it has been limited to Mexican citizens and registered overseas residents. Les éléments les plus importants d’El Tajín sont ses édifices richement ornés de motifs en forme de clé, de grecques, de niches, de corniches, de peintures murales et de bas-reliefs. El Tajin was founded following the abandonment of the city of Teotihuacan. The tiers are full of niches – 365 to be precise – one for every day in the solar calendar. The local indigenous people, the Totonac, whose ancestors may have built the city, knew it as "El Tajín," which means “of thunder" or "lightning bolts." El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site and one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. The day was also Maria's birthday so we had to have a celebration. This paper. While we work as hard as we can to ensure the information provided here about El Tajin is as accurate as possible, the changing nature of certain elements mean we can't absolutely guarantee that these details won't become a thing of the past. Minster, Christopher. Arian Zwegers / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 2.0. The word Tajin means “The Sacred city of the Dead and of the Thunder in Storm”. ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, thoughtco.com/el-tajin-pyramid-of-the-niches-3571867. It features six tiers (there was once a seventh, but it was destroyed over the centuries), each of which is three meters (ten feet) high: total height of the Pyramid of the Niches in its present state is eighteen meters (about 60 feet). Minster, Christopher. The city was ‘discovered’ by Europeans in the late 18th century, and major archaeological excavations took place in the early 20th century which uncovered more of the city that lay beneath the jungle.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historyhit_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_11',179,'0','0'])); Amongst the most famous attractions at El Tajin is the Pyramid of the Niches, an incredibly impressive six-stepped pyramid which would once have been crowned with a temple. On one side of the temple is a great stairway which leads to the top: along this stairway are five platform altars (there were once six), each of which has three small niches in it. The Pyramid of the Niches is rich in symbolism. The tapering cornices of the six-storey Pyramid of the Niches built in talud-tablero style give it the appearance of a pagoda. El Tajín ; Further north of the great central area of Veracruz is El Tajín, the city dedicated to the god of rain and thunder, the cultural and religious metropolis of the Totonac people during the Classic period from 600-1200 AD. Some believe that they were the ancestors of the Toltecs or that they were a branch of the mighty Maya people. The City of El Tajin and its Architecture . Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. El Tajin is built in a humid, fertile valley, surrounded by verdant hills. El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site and one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. Nobody can quite agree on who built El Tajín. In 1939, José García Payón took over the project and oversaw excavations at El Tajin for almost forty years. El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site in southern Mexico and is one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. Just to imagine how they built such a magical place back then makes me speechless. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or e-mail us. It was originally a great urban center that flourished from around 800 to 1150 ce. The city flourished between 600 and 1200 AD, ruling much of the current state of Veracruz. Built and inhabited from 800AD to 1200 AD, El Tajin was a thriving city of major ceremonial importance, a fact illustrated by the numerous Mesoamerican pyramids and other ceremonial structures still seen there today. The Pyramid of the Niches has a square base, 36 meters (118 feet) on each side. It’s called the Pyramid of Niches, and it is one of the most unique pyramids in all of Mesoamerica. In the 1980s and 1990s, under archaeologist Jürgen Brüggemann, many new buildings were unearthed and studied. Thousands of years ago, an ancient civilization contemporaneous with the ancient Maya and pyramid-city of Teotihuacan settled down in what is present-day Veracruz, in the Gulf of Mexico. Built and inhabited from 800AD to 1200 AD, El Tajin was a thriving city of major ceremonial importance, a fact illustrated by the numerous Mesoamerican pyramids and other ceremonial structures still seen there today. 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