In addition to the Soviet Union and Russia, the DShK has been manufactured under license by a number of countries, including the People's Republic of China (Type 54), Pakistan, and Romania.,, Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. During World War 1, the German Army introduced the Mauser 13.2mm TuF round, a huge cartridge of more than four inches in length. The Kord entered service in 1998 alongside existing examples of the original NSV. 38/46 (Czech copy of Soviet DShKM). DShK HMG @ 12.7x108mm developed in 1938 muzzle velocity: 850m/s rate of fire: 550rpm effective range: 2km weight: 34kg (60kg w/tripod) NSV "Utes" HMG @ 12.7x108mm developed in 1971 muzzle velocity: 850m/s rate of fire: 700rpm effective range: 1.8km for air targets. It has traditionally seen service as an armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) machine gun, but can also be tripod mounted, in which role it is more properly designated NSVS-12.7 or NSVS-N3. The Soviet Army began looking for a new heavy machine gun to replace its older SGM and DShK machine guns in the early 1950s. It is often claimed that the DShK could fire US/NATO .50-caliber ammunition, but the DShK can not fire 12.7x99mm ammunition but instead fires 12.7x108mm ammunition. The Kord-12.7 mm heavy machine gun is a Russian design that entered service in 1998 replacing the older NSV machine gun.Externally the weapon resembles the NSV; however, the internal mechanism has been extensively reworked, changing from a horizontally pivoting breech block to a rotating bolt design. Whilst the traditional conical flash-hider of the NSV is not likely to be seen on the Kord, some examples of the NSV feature one of two Kord-style muzzle brakes, an earlier cylindrical pattern, and the flat, chambered design in production currently. By comparison, the 84-pound M2 increased only to 138 pounds mounted on a … Left side view of a Kord HMG on tripod mount. On the left, in front of the loader, was a smaller disk with several parallel metal wires. Additionally the gas system has been changed and the muzzle baffle redesigned. M2 Browning. If the Kord is not being used outside of the whole mobility role, it might as well be replaced by a heavier platform for superior stability. ... Kord heavy machine gun. According to guidelines the 12.7×108mm case can handle up to 360 MPa (52,213 psi) piezo pressure. Research for this report found no published method for differentially identifying the NSV and Kord, in the Anglophone world at least. Additionally, the Kord is fitted with the 6T19 bipod as standard, and this remains in place when the weapon is also tripod mounted, acting as another identifying feature of the type. It's even light enough to fire the weapon off hand. These features should prove diagnostic in most situations. The first such gun, the Degtyaryov, Krupnokalibernyi (DK, Degtyaryov, large calibre), was built in 1930, and this gun was produced in small quantities from 1933 to 1935. 2km for ground targets Degtyarev Plant JSC, Kovrov. It was invented in 1934 to create a cartridge like the German 13.2mm TuF anti-tank rifle round and the American .50 Browning Machine Gun round. Those supplemented the DShK (pronounced “dish-kuh”) heavy machine gun that had started entering service in 1938 – five years after the M2 was adopted by the United States. The right side is likewise considerably less cluttered on the more modern Kord. Differential identification of NSV and Kord heavy machine guns. This version entered production in the late 1930s as the (Degtyaryov-Shpagin) DShK 1938. Untrained observers frequently confuse superficially similar small arms and light weapon (SALW) systems, particularly with the pressure of covering a current conflict. Data from, and Jane’s Infantry Weapons 2013-2014. Right side view of the same NSV. The DShK has a maximum range of 2,500 meters – but the M2 can reach out to 6,800. The HMG in question was actually the rather more innocuous 1970s vintage NSV,which is in service with both Ukrainian and Russian armed forces (and several others around the world). The 12.7×108mm cartridge is a 12.7 mm heavy machine gun and anti-materiel rifle cartridge used by the former Soviet Union, the former Warsaw Pact, modern Russia, China and other countries. The M2 Machine Gun or Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed towards the end of World War I by John Browning. DShK MG made by UM Cugir on display at Expomil '05. The Soviet Army liked the idea behind the German MG-42; a versatile weapon used on a variety of mounts to perform many different roles. The Kord is, by design, a product-improved NSV. It is sometimes nicknamed Dushka (a dear or beloved person) in Russian-speaking countries, from the abbreviation.[14]. In C.I.P. The weapon was also used as a heavy infantry machine gun, in which case it was frequently deployed with a two-wheeled mounting and a single-sheet armour-plate shield. As an infantry heavy support weapon it used a two-wheeled trolley which unfolded into a tripod for anti-aircraft use, similar to the mount developed by Vladimirov for the 1910 Maxim gun. KORD is the best heavy machine gun in the world. It is noteworthy for employing an unusual manifold breech block design containing three side-folding ‘sub-blocks’ (see Jane’s 2014 for details of operation). Requirements for a heavy machine gun appeared in 1929; the first weapon of its type was the DK machine gun designed by Vasily Degtyaryov; it performed poorly, with a paltry magazine size of only 30 rounds in a drum magazine and a low rate of fire. In fact, they were designed for slightly different purposes, and technically 14.5 mm is not and has never been a successor for 12.7. Ammunition Box DShK DShKM NSVT NSV KORD 3D model , formats include IGE, IGS, IGES, STP, ready for 3D animation and other 3D projects It is often referred to as the "Dushka", meaning "dear" or "sweetie" in Russian. retgarr. Also note the attached bipod. The myth began in US weapons intelligence manuals referring to the DShK as being "12.7mm (.51-caliber)" and the assumption made that this was intentional to accommodate interchangeable ammunition. A replacement was commissioned, apparently with some leeway in design specification, because the entirely new team (Obidin, Bogdanov, and Zhiryokin) created a rather different design retaining little of the original weapon’s internal workings. It, like its American equivalent, the M2 Browning, was used in a wide variety of roles, and moun… Thus, the DsHK’s 75-pound weight blossomed to 346 pounds once its own two-wheeled trolley was included. In 1921 the US Army, with a little help from John Browning, developed the 12.7x99mm BMG round in response, known and loved today as the ’50-cal.’ The Army, however did not have a gun t… The detachable barrel system was retained, but much of the mechanical design was abandoned. The DShK (Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny, Degtyaryov-Shpagin Large-Calibre) is a Russian Heavy Machine Gun. The DShK is seen on OB ALFEX-16-SOP "Obambo" Exoframes as a cut down assault rifle by building a custom lower receiver and modded to allow the trigger to be used instead of the spade handles. The true diagnostic features of the Kord are in the receiver, most evidently its left side, where there is a marked absence of rivets on the forward portion (see the image below). 아래 두영상은 양각대에 피스톨 그립을 장착한 버전. He wears a fighting girdle made from a red dragon's hide, gauntlets from a white dragon's hide, and boots from a blue dragon's hide. Nevertheless, the DShK is still one of … DShK 1938 "Dushka" General Historical Information Place of origin USSR Designer Vasily Degtyaryov and Georgi Shpagin Manufacturer Tula Produced In 1938 - present Type Heavy machine gun Effective range 2000 m Rate of Fire 600 rpm Magazine Belt magazine with 50 rounds Ammunition 12.7×108mm General Ingame Information Debut in FHSW v0.4 Used by USSR Used in vehicles - T-40 - IS-2 - IS-3 - IS-3-D-30 - IS-4 - ISU-122 - ISU-122S - ISU-122BM - ISU-130 - ISU-152 - ISU-152BM - ISU-T Header image credit: Sergei Gritts/AP. Note in particular the riveting down the side of the receiver. In addition to the Soviet Union and Russia, the DShK has been manufactured under license by a number of countries, including the People's Republic of China (Type 54), Pakistan, and Romania. Enter Georgy Shpagin. However, there are diagnostic features of these types that should be visible either to first-hand observers, or indeed in a variety of photographic angles. The US 50 is awesome, but the DShK has a much heavier sound and muzzle blast because of the break. The DShK was used throughout the Red Army but it wasn’t as common as the 7.62 mm Degtyarev or the Maxim. Americans would define the shoulder angle at alpha/2 ≈ 18.16 degrees. A shaft running between the two turned the gunner's sight to the same angle. However, the changes made were far more extensive than the better-documented alterations of, say, PK to PKM, or even AK to AKM. NEW-2009 Kord 12.7 mm Russian HEAVY MACHINE-GUN. To use the sight, the loader/observer would spin his disk so the wires were parallel to the target's direction of travel. The current conflict in Ukraine is a great example of such a situation, with many subtle variants of former Soviet and Russian weapon types employed by both sides. It is produced in Russia by V.A. In 1946, the DShK 1938/46 or DShKM (M for modernized) version was introduced. For assistance with identification of arms and munitions you can get in touch with ARES at: We lit up a truck from just under 2300m away and the M2 and DShK were going thru the doors and cab but not the hull on the tank in back. Late in the war, it was mounted on the cupolas of IS-2 tanks and ISU-152 self-propelled guns. Like its American equivalent, the M2 Browning, the DShK 1938 was used in several roles. © Copyright 2016 by Armament Research Services Pty. DShK. From what I read, Russian heavy machine guns (I'm thinking specifically of the Kord, though not exclusively) are some 10kgs lighter than the M2, and have quick-change barrels; according to some, the Kord even has better accuracy and less recoil. It took its name from the weapons designers Vasily Degtyaryov, who designed the original weapon, and Georgi Shpagin, who improved the cartridge feed mechanism. The available writing suggests production was in the low thousands for much of World War II and the DShK’s ideal role was an anti-aircraft gun mounted on a collapsible tripod. other recently-produced Russian arms and munitions were identified, 3-part horizontal side-folding breech block, 10 rd sections, with 50 rd linked belt ready to use, Folding tangent leaf, graduations from 2 (200 m) to 20 (2000 m). Currently, it has been mostly replaced in favour of the more modern NSV and Kord designs. Nevertheless, the DShK is still one of the most widely used heavy machine guns. We therefore present our findings in hope that they will aid other researchers in the field. And as noted, the fireball is AWESOME! regulated countries every rifle cartridge combo has to be proofedat 125% of this maximum CIP pressure to certify … Two Soviet weapon designers were asked to design one weapon each utilizing the same principle. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Currently, it has been mostly replaced in favour of the more modern NSV and Kord designs. The DShK 1938 (ДШК, for Дегтярёва-Шпагина Крупнокалиберный, Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny, "Degtyaryov-Shpagin Large-Calibre") is a Soviet heavy machine gun with a V-shaped "butterfly" trigger, firing the 12.7×108mm cartridge. The Russian ammunition is 12.7×108mm and the US is 12.7×99mm. This video shows the DShK, NSV and Kord heavy machine guns. Shpagin developed a belt feed mechanism to fit to the DK giving rise, in 1938, to the adoption of the gun as the DShK 1938. Nevertheless, it is still widely used by China, Pakistan, Romania and other countries. All Rights Reserved. Ulaanbaatar. Left side view of a NSV HMG on a tripod mount. Other images from Vitaly V Kuzmin and In some examples, the sight was installed with the loader's sight on the right. Designing finished in 1938, and the DShK was adopted by the Soviet Army in the same year as the standard HMG. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 06:12. A new rotating bolt operating system was designed, resulting in reduced recoil and increased accuracy (and probably increased reliability) over its predecessor. These fundamental design changes resulted in a very different receiver that retains common external features only where necessary for compatibility with existing NSV mounts and accessories. These mistakes can act as a red herring for those seeking to establish the objective reality on the ground, or at worst, incorrectly act as evidence of involvement by external parties. This mistake was an easy one to make, because the two weapons are, externally at least, remarkably similar and difficult to tell apart without access to internal components or visible designation markings. Kord is depicted as a hugely muscular man with a red beard and long red hair. Learn how your comment data is processed. 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Many DShKs intended for the close anti-aircraft role were fitted with a simple mechanical sighting system that helped the gunner properly account for "lead" in order to hit fast-moving targets. This elephant round was introduced to kill British tanks that were just then starting to lumber about in No Man’s Land. [16], DShKs were also used in 2004, against British troops in Al-Amarah, Iraq. This is a particularly easy mistake to make if the two weapons are not compared to one another. As yet, ARES has not seen evidence of Kord HMGs in eastern Ukraine, although other recently-produced Russian arms and munitions were identified. But the 14.5 is a whole 'nother level of awesome. [17], In the 2012 Syrian civil war, the Syrian government said rebels used the gun mounted on cars. The 12.7×108mm has 22.72 ml (350 grains) H2O cartridge case capacity. They are also both still in production; the NSV in Kazakhstan, Poland, and elsewhere, and the Kord in Russia. A number of differences are apparent from examination of photographs, yet some of the more obvious are not actually definitive and may result in misidentification. The system consisted of two circular disks mounted side-by-side in a common framework. Kord is sometimes depicted by his urbanized faithful as a more civilized athlete or wrestler. Note in particular the forward portion of the receiver, with less rivets and a different rivet pattern when compared with the NSV. The design of the NSV Utes (Утес; ‘Cliff’) dates back to 1969 and the weapon is named for inventors: Nikitin, Sokolov, and Volkov. On the right, in front of the gunner, was a large "spider" sight that contained a line of small metal rings running from the center to the outer edge. It went into wide use in Soviet-supplied countries. This is where the DShK comes in. Black polyamide furniture may be more advanced than wood or bakelite, but it is to be found on both types depending upon date of production, and could conceivably be retrofitted to older receivers. Other articles where DShK-38 is discussed: small arm: Large-calibre machine guns: …the Degtyarov-Shpagin Krupnokaliberny 1938 (DShK-38), was similar, but it was gas-operated.
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